|  درخواست عضويت  |  رمز خود را فراموش کرده ايد؟  |  ورود اعضا [Sign in]
جستجوي پيشرفته مطالب   |  
 جستجو:  
تاثير آهك بر قابليت جذب پتاسيم از كاني فلوگوپيت توسط يونجه
magiran.com >  مجله مهندسي زراعي >سال چهل و اول، شماره 2 > متن
مشخصات نشريه
آخرين شماره
آرشيو شماره هاي گذشته
جستجوي مطالب
سايت اختصاصي
تماس با نشريه
ارسال الکترونيکي مقاله
شماره جديد اين نشريه
سال چهل و يكم
شماره 4
زمستان 1397


 راهنمای موضوعی نشريات
اين نشريه در گروه(های) زير قرار گرفته است:

?????


 


, 2018(Issue 2)



Title:
Effect of lime on potassium uptake by alfalfa from phlogopite


Author(s):
Hossein Khademi*, MohammadIsfahan Amirmohammadi

Paper language: Persian


Abstract:

 


Introduction

Potassium is a macroelement essential for plant growth and its importance in agriculture is well understood. Potassium in clay minerals is an important source of potassium for plants in many soils. No precise information is available on the impact of lime on potassium uptake by plants. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the effect of lime on K availability form phlogopite mineral in alfalfa rhizosphere.


Materials and Methods

This study was conducted using a completely randomized design with factorial arrangement. Alfalfa was grown in media containing a mixture of quartz sand and phlogopite, different levels of lime (0, 2, 5, 12, 25%) and under two types of nutrient solutions (complete and potassium free) with three replications for a period of six months. Alfalfa shoots and roots were harvested and their potassium concentration was measured. The Data obtained from this experiment was statistically analyzed using SAS software and comparison of means was performed with the LSD test.


Results and Discussion

The results showed that both shoot and root biomass was significantly affected by lime. Potassium concentration in shoot and root significantly reduced as the level of lime increased. The amount of soluble calcium increases as the level of lime in medium increases. This is mainly due to the hydrolysis of lime which also reduces the ratio of potassium to calcium and magnesium. This causes a great decline in potassium uptake by plant. Reduced uptake from the root surfaces of the plants in medium containing lime can also be caused by calcium oxalate precipitation on the root surfaces due to the abundance of calcium ions in the the root zone. Despite the fact that the amount of potassium supplied by different media has been the same, plants were not able to absorb equal quantity of potassium. Plants grown in lime-containing pots were indirectly deficient in potassium. Indirect exposure of plant to potassium deficiency means that, despite the high soil available K level, due to physiological reasons, potassium uptake by roots and its transfer to shoots is restricted. This is attributed to the negative effects of high concentration of magnesium and calcium compared to that of potassium in soil. Potassium concentration of plant roots was less than that of the shoots. This is mainly due to higher demand for K in shoots as compared to that in roots. Besides, the ability of plants to transfer potassium from root to shoot is very high. Shoot dry weight in plants with a complete nutrient solution major than the plants with a potassium free nutrient solution. Maximum dry weight was found in plants supplied with the complete nutrient solution with no lime added. In contrast, plants supplied with potassium free nutrient solution grown in pots containing 25% lime had the least dry weight. Lower root biomass could be caused by differences in physical characteristics of the root environment due to the presence of lime. Under potassium free nutrient solution, the amount of potassium uptake was significantly influenced by the amount of lime as such that the least potassium uptake of shoot and root occurred in treatments with %25 lime. The maximum K uptake (145.84 mg/pot) was obtained in plants treated with the complete nutrient solution. There was a highly significant correlation between the shoot dry weight and potassium uptake and also between the shoot dry weight and potassium concentration indicating that the plant shoot yield increases as the K concentration and uptake increase.


Conclusion

The results obtained in this study clearly indicate that the presence of lime in the root zone could be a limiting factor for potassium uptake by plants. Although the concentration of potassium in plants was in the sufficient range defined by standards, but potassium uptake significantly reduced as the level of lime in medium increased. The decreasing trend was more obvious in the plants treated with potassium free nutrition solution. Plants treated with potassium free nutrient solution with no lime added to the medium have been able to take up a high amount of potassium. It appears that plant roots can influence on clay minerals to release potassium by the secretion of H+. But the presence of lime in the medium could release high level of Ca2+ ions into the solution, which, in turn, could reduce the release of potassium from phlogopite and its uptake by plants. In general, in media containing micaceous minerals as the only source of potassium, the presence of lime can have a negative impact on potassium release from minerals and its uptake by plants. Therefore, in calcareous soils with high potassium storage, the level of lime should be considered when potassium fertilizer is recommended. Besides, the amendment of highly calcareous soils by organic matters is suggested to improve the soil physical properties in order to have a better K uptake.



Keywords:
Lime, Phlogopite, Alfalfa, Potassium release
 

دوست گرامي:

    با تشکر از همراهي شما به اطلاع مي رساند مطالعه متن مقالات نشريات و خدمات اختصاصي اين سايت تنها براي اعضا و با پرداخت حق عضويت (اشتراک طلايي) امکان پذير است.

  هزینه حق عضویت سالانه(اشتراک طلایی):

  • مشترکان داخل کشور     250.000 ريال (100 مقاله اعتبار اولیه) پرداخت با همه کارتهای بانکی
  • مشترکان خارج از کشور   50 دلار  (100 مقاله اعتبار اولیه) پرداخت با  Paypal
  اگر عضو سايت هستيد:
     شناسه کاربري:
     رمز عبور:

  اگر عضو سايت نيستيد:
شما با تکميل فرم عضويت و تاييد نشاني ايميل خود در سايت "بانک اطلاعات نشريات کشور magiran.com"  مي توانيد از امکانات اختصاصي اين سايت به شرح زير استفاده نماييد.:
  • دسترسي به متن مقالات پس از پرداخت حق عضويت و فعال سازی اشتراک طلايي
  • استفاده از  فروشگاه سايت و سفارش اينترنتي اشتراک نسخه چاپي نشريات با 10 درصد تخفيف
  • ايجاد فهرست نشريات مورد علاقه براي دسترسي سريع
  • اطلاع از انتشار نشريات مورد علاقه از طريق پست الکترونيکي
  • دريافت روزانه سرخط مطالب روزنامه هاي عضو بر اساس کلمات انتخابي خودتان تا سقف 10 عنوان


آيا مايل به عضويت در بانک اطلاعات نشريات کشور هستيد؟ 
(رايگان)

          

 



 

 

 
 
ارسال مطلب به دوستان
نظر بدهيد
ثبت در فهرست علائق

معرفی سايت به ديگران
گزارش اشکال در اطلاعات
اشتراک نشريات ديگر



 

اعتماد
ايران
جام جم
دنياي اقتصاد
رسالت
شرق
كيهان
 پيشخوان
مجله آب و فاضلاب
متن مطالب شماره 120، خرداد و تير 1398را در magiran بخوانيد.

 

 

 

سايت را به دوستان خود معرفی کنيد    
 1397-1380 کليه حقوق متعلق به سايت بانک اطلاعات نشريات کشور است.
اطلاعات مندرج در اين پايگاه فقط جهت مطالعه کاربران با رعايت شرايط اعلام شده است.  کپی برداري و بازنشر اطلاعات به هر روش و با هر هدفی ممنوع و پيگيرد قانوني دارد.
 

پشتيبانی سايت magiran.com (در ساعات اداری): 77512642  021
تهران، صندوق پستی 111-15655
فقط در مورد خدمات سايت با ما تماس بگيريد. در مورد محتوای اخبار و مطالب منتشر شده در مجلات و روزنامه ها اطلاعی نداريم!
 


توجه:
magiran.com پايگاهی مرجع است که با هدف اطلاع رسانی و دسترسی به همه مجلات کشور توسط بخش خصوصی و به صورت مستقل اداره می شود. همکاری نشريات عضو تنها مشارکت در تکميل و توسعه سايت است و مسئوليت چگونگی ارايه خدمات سايت بر عهده ايشان نمی باشد.



تمامي خدمات پایگاه magiran.com ، حسب مورد داراي مجوزهاي لازم از مراجع مربوطه مي‌باشند و فعاليت‌هاي اين سايت تابع قوانين و مقررات جمهوري اسلامي ايران است